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Child Development


boy and girl toddler eating birthday cakeHere you will find general resources related to infant and toddler development.


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the following sections of this page.
Applications/Apps | Archived Webinars | Articles & Handouts | Audio/Visual | Online Learning | Tools | Websites & Programs



Virginia’s Milestones of Childhood Development App

I&TC of VA and the United Way of Greater Richmond and Petersburg

Download this app to access information about developmental milestones for infants and toddlers ages birth to 36 months. This app is designed for both iPhone and iPad as a free download.



Archived Webinars

Talks on Tuesdays

Building Little Brains…Better!

VA’s Integrated Training Collaborative

Partnership for People with Disabilities

Presented by John Almarode

This webinar describes early brain development and the elements of an enriched environment in the areas of sensory, auditory, visual and motor development. Click the link above to visit the 2010-2011 Talks on Tuesdays Archive and scroll down until you find the webinar.

Executive Function Skills: Approaches to Learning for Infants and Toddlers

VA’s Integrated Training Collaborative

Partnership for People with Disabilities

Presented by Ann Janney-Schultz

This webinar provides an overview of the development of executive function skills in infants and toddlers. Content includes discussion about what executive functions are and why they are important. Strategies are also offered to help infants and toddlers develop and improve these skills. Click the link above to visit the 2013 Talks on Tuesdays Archive and scroll down until you find the webinar.

Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers: Now that I Know about It What Do I Do About It?

VA’s Integrated Training Collaborative

Partnership for People with Disabilities

Presented by Tracy Miller

This webinar provides an overview of sensory processing in very young children and includes strategies for supporting sensory development. Click the link above to visit the 2010-2011 Talks on Tuesdays Archive and scroll down until you find the webinar.



Articles & Handouts

Center for Early Literacy Learning (CELL) Practice Guide with Adaptations (external website)

These guides make it easier for young children with disabilities to participate in early literacy learning activities. Written for both parents and practitioners, the practice guides describe everyday home, community, and childcare learning opportunities that encourage early literacy learning.

Lifter, K., Foster-Sanda, S., Arzamarski, C., Briesch, J., & McClure, E. (2011). Overview of play: Its uses and importance in early intervention/early childhood special education. Infants & Young Children, 24(3), 225-245. (external website)

This article provides a review of the literature related to the use of play in early intervention, early childhood special education, and early childhood education.

Media and Young Minds (external website)
Council on Communications and Media
American Academy of Pediatrics
This policy statement reviews the existing literature on television, videos, and mobile/interactive technologies; their potential for educational benefit; and related health concerns for young children (0 to 5 years of age). The statement also highlights areas in which pediatric providers can offer specific guidance to families in managing their young children’s media use, not only in terms of content or time limits, but also emphasizing the importance of parent–child shared media use and allowing the child time to take part in other developmentally healthy activities.

School Readiness Goals for Infants & Toddlers (external website) PDF
Early Head Start National Research Center
This 12-page booklet reviews information about early learning as it relates to preparing young children for school and provides examples of readiness goals for young infants, older infants, and toddlers.

Start Early to Build a Healthy Future (external website)

The Ounce

This publication from The Ounce analyzes the latest research on the ways that early experiences, both beneficial and stressful, can have strong impacts on the health of the developing child, and offers research, policy and practice recommendations for supporting children’s lifelong health through high-quality early childhood education.

The State of America’s Children 2014 Report (external website | pdf)
Children’s Defense Fund

This report is a comprehensive compilation and analysis of the most recent and reliable national and state-by-state data on population, poverty, family structure, family income, health, nutrition, early childhood development, education, child welfare, juvenile justice, and gun violence. The report can be downloaded in full or in sections.




Baby Communication Milestones (external website, YouTube)

Einstein on: Baby and Toddler Milestones, Dr. Lisa Shulman

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

In this public service video for parents, Lisa Shulman, M.D., uses video of babies and toddlers to show the communication milestones expected in typically developing children. She also discusses what parents should do if they suspect their child is developmentally delayed.

Brain Hero (external website)

This 3 minute video was developed by the Center for the Developing Child at Harvard University and the University of Southern California and is based on visuals from interactive video game formats. This video “portrays how actions taken by parents, teachers, policymakers, and others can affect life outcomes for both the child and the surrounding community.”

Brain Rules for Baby Videos (external website)

This series of videos are based on the book, Brain Rules for Baby by John Medina. Brain research related to a variety of topics, such as discipline, breastfeeding, and communication, are covered in an accessible, easy-to-understand format.

Bright Futures Discovery Display – Videos (external website)

Visit this site to find lots of video clips about various topics related to child development. You can search by child’s age, theme, and health visit.

Center for Early Literacy Learning (CELL) Practice Videos (external website)

CELL videos are designed for teachers, parents, trainers, coaches, and home visitors. Some of the topics covered include:

  • Literacy rich environments
  • Child interests
  • Everyday literacy activities
  • Responsive teaching, and
  • Adaptations

Change the First Five Years and You Change Everything (external website)

This video was developed by The Ounce of Prevention Fund and shares a powerful message about the importance of investing in the early years and the difference we all can make in a child’s life.

“Little Kids, Big Questions” Podcast Series (external website)

Zero to Three

Little Kids, Big Questions is a series of 12 podcasts with leading experts that translates the research of early childhood development into practices that mothers, fathers and other caregivers can tailor to the needs of their own child and family.

Learn the Signs. Act Early. – Virginia Handouts (external website)

A series of handouts from the CDC’s Act Early campaign have been adapted for Virginia and are available on the Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia website www.infantva.org. These handouts are available in English and Spanish and cover the following topics:

  • Asperger Syndrome
  • Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
  • Developmental Screening
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
  • Fragile X Syndrome
  • Hearing Loss
  • Intellectual Disability
  • Vision Loss
  • Resources

The Magic of Everyday Moments: Seeing is Believing (Video Series) (external website)

Zero to Three

This video series is designed to help parents and students of child development understand how they can best help young children thrive. Visit the site above for information about all videos plus bonus materials including a user’s guide and parent handouts. For direct links to each video, click below.

Media and Children (external website)
TEDxRainier – Dimitri Christakis

Dr. Christakis is a pediatrician, parent, and researcher.  His presentation covers early brain development and the impact of media exposure and overstimulation.

Milestones in Action (external website)
Learn the Signs. Act Early.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Visit this page for a free library of photos and videos of developmental milestones between ages 2 months to 5 years. Information is provided about social/emotional, language/communication, cognitive, and movement/physical development.

Toddler Development – Practice Clips

Desired Results Access Project – Video Library

Visit this video library for clips of toddlers participating in typical routines and activities. These videos were produced for use in professional development activities to provide early interventionists, early childhood educators, and other early care and education practitioners opportunities to practice skills such as observation, documentation, and assessment. You’ll find the following toddler clips in the Practice Clips section of the library:

  • Tania Playing in the Yard (3:33) Tania demonstrates a variety of gross motor, communication, and social skills.
  • Ben at Dinnertime (3:04) Ben demonstrates a variety of social, communication, and mealtime skills.
  • Nicholas at Story Time (2:39) Nicholas demonstrates a variety of fine motor, social, and early literacy skills.
  • Crystal Moving Around (3:26) Crystal demonstrates a variety of movement, social, and communication skills.
  • Max at Mealtime (3:41) Max demonstrates a variety of social, communication, and self-feeding skills.
  • Severina Plays Knock Knock (1:31) Severina demonstrates a variety of social, communication, and fine motor skills.
  • Alec's Morning Routine (3:53) Alec demonstrates a variety of self-help, social, and communication skills.



Online Learning

Brain Rules for Baby Webinar Series

In winter 2013, a group of early interventionists and early childhood special educators convened for a book club featuring Brain Rules for Baby by Dr. John Medina. Hosted by Dr. John Almarode, colleagues met online for two webinars and one face-to-face training. Click the images below to view Part I and Part II of the Brain Rules for Baby webinars. Make sure to complete the survey to receive a certificate of completion after viewing this webinar series!

Brain Rules for Babies Book Club


Child Development (external website)

VA’s Integrated Training Collaborative

Partnership for People with Disabilities at VCU

This module provides information about infant and toddler development (birth to 36 months) as well as the impact of specific conditions on development. Completing the module takes approximately 2 hours and results in a certificate of completion.


Young Infant Webinar Series (external website)

Texas Early Childhood Intervention

This free webinar series features 1-hour recordings on topics including assessment and intervention of feeding, motor and sensory motor development, and evaluation of infants 6 months and younger.




First 2,000 Days Toolkit (external website)
North Carolina Early Childhood Foundation
This toolkit includes presentations, a video, infographics, and print materials designed to educate the community about the importance of the first 2,000 days of a child’s life and why early learning is so important.



Websites & Programs

Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! (external website)

Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! is a coordinated federal effort to encourage healthy child development, universal developmental and behavioral screening for children, and support for the families and providers who care for them. Check out the booklet: An Early Intervention Service and Early Childhood Special Education Provider’s Guide to Support Developmental and Behavioral Screening Initiates

Center on the Developing Child (external website)

Harvard University

This site offers resources related to the science of early childhood, intervention, global child development, and health. You can access briefs and papers on a variety of topic such as effects of toxic stress, early childhood mental health, executive functions, etc.  Multimedia resources, videos and interactive features are also available. Here are a few of the sites resources:

Infant Toddler Specialist Network (external website)

Infant toddler specialists in VA provide support to early care and education programs to help them provide high quality services to young children through on-site consultation, training and technical assistance, and resources for child care providers/teachers and directors.

Learn the Signs. Act Early. (external website)

Centers for Disease Control

This site offers many resources related to child development and milestones, information for families, health care providers, and educators, and lots of free materials. A few of these resources are listed below.

Baby Steps Video (external website)

This video provides information about the importance of monitoring early childhood development and acting early when a concern is noted.

Milestone Moments (external PDF)

This 24-page printable booklet is designed to help families monitor their children’s milestones between birth to 5 years.

Zero to Three (external website)

This site has many resources about behavior & development, care & education, maltreatment and public policy related to the development of infants and toddlers. Many free resources are available including podcasts, printable booklets and handouts, etc. Here are a few highlighted resources you’ll find on Zero to Three’s site:

Baby Brain Map (external website)

The Baby Brain Map allows you to explore what is known about brain development for children from prenatally through age 36 months by clicking on areas of the brain to learn answers to a variety of questions.

Tips & Tools on Play (external website)

Look for lots of resources related to supporting play, nurturing brain development, what caregivers can do to encourage play, and much more.



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Virginia Early Intervention Professional Development Center